Thursday, January 31, 2013

Daredevil, Pt. 2

(Continued from Part 1)

For the 2nd time in only 4 issues, editor Stan Lee had LOST the writer & artist of his new feature, DAREDEVIL.  First, series creator Bill Everett had been unable to continue due to his more-than-full-time advertising job.  Then, Joe Orlando had left in anger over Lee's "editorial style" --insisting his "artists" write their own stories with no input from Lee, then insisting on changes because Lee didn't like the direction the resulting stories were taking.  According to Lee, the changes were intended to "bring the story back in line with what he originally wanted".  But this was nonsense!  If it were true, it would mean that all this "top talent" that Stan had working for him were incompetent bunglers incapable of following simple instructions.  It's amazing how some bosses take a sick pleasure in knocking the best efforts of those who work for them.

Stepping up to the plate next was EC Comics legend Wally Wood.  Wood had done it all.  Early in his career he assisted Will Eisner on the final installments of THE SPIRIT, then worked for a wide variety of publishers before cutting a wide swath at EC doing science-fiction stories, every page a dazzling array of visual detail unlike anything ever seen in comics before.  Wood then worked on every single issue of MAD, from the time it was a color comic to when it evolved into a B&W magazine, and continued to do so, until, abruptly, he quit over a dispute with his editor.  A shame, as this was, apparently, just before the page rates SHOT UP.

Wood took over DAREDEVIL, and turned what for 3 issues has been an almost unreadable mess into one of the crown jewels of the line.  Stan Lee was obviously proud of having Wood on his team.  NO other creator had been credited by name on the covers before!  But under the surface, Wood was boiling mad with resentment.  Stan was proclaiming him to be an artist, an "illustrator", when in fact, Wood, like Kirby, Ditko, Ayers, Everett & Orlando before him, was writing the books as well as doing the art.  Wood deeply resented doing work and NOT getting paid (or credited) for it!

Still, this resentment clearly did not get in the way of his doing his usual dazzling work, albeit streamlined and simplified more than it had ever been in the old days.

One thing I noticed reading these stories was, Bill Everett had created very specific looks to his supporting cast.  Joe Orlando drew both Foggy Nelson and Karen Page as if they were completely different people! When Wood took over, he followed Orlando's model rather than Everett's-- except, Wood made them look GOOD.  (See the 2 figures on the far left of the cover below.)

For Wood's 1st effort, he was apparently inspired by the fact that this "Dare Devil" had horns-- like a bull-- and so, created his natural opponent... The Matador!

DAREDEVIL 5  /  art by WALLY WOOD   (December 1964)
Another "natural" for "The Man Without Fear", was a baddie named Mr. Fear!
Perhaps following his editor's example by skimping, the story reused minor
Jack Kirby villain The Eel (used by Dick Ayers in the Johnny Storm 
Human Torch series in STRANGE TALES) and Steve Ditko villain The Ox
(from AMAZING SPIDER-MAN).

DAREDEVIL 6  /  art by WALLY WOOD   (February 1965)
Perhaps the most "obvious" story was to pit Bill Everett's 2 creations against each other.  While he was at it, Wally Wood redesigned DD's costume, giving him the "classic" version that would remain virtually unchanged for the rest of his career!  Below is surely one of Wood's MASTERPIECES.


DAREDEVIL 7  /  art by WALLY WOOD   (In Progress!)
I wasn't satisfied with the 1st restoration I did on DD #7, so I found a MUCH BIGGER raw scan to work with.  There was a huge difference in the quality of the linework.  Compare the "before" (with damage) and "after" (finished restoration!!) versions.
DAREDEVIL 7  /  art by WALLY WOOD   (April 1965)
One of the most outrageous of DD's early and recurring foes was The Stilt-Man, who was apparently conceived by Jack Kirby almost as an afterthought. However, the final design of the armor was almost completely "Wally Wood".  I've often thought the live-action DAREDEVIL movie might have been a lot more fun (and more of a success) if they'd based it less on Frank Miller's much-later run of the book, and more on Wally Wood's.


DAREDEVIL 8  /  art by WALLY WOOD  (June 1965)
A strange thing was going on at Marvel around this time.  Beginning with the Jul'65 issue of AMAZING SPIDER-MAN, #26, Steve Ditko began receiving credit for "plot".  What happened was, Ditko had been writing the stories entirely on his own for well over a year by then (since it became obvious he didn't need Jack Kirby's help coming up with villains or story ideas).  But starting with issue #26, he got tired of not being credited-- OR PAID-- for work he was actually doing.  So he demanded both-- and got them!  This, however, really pissed off his editor, since the money to pay Ditko for writing had been going to him all this time.  From that day on, Ditko's editor STOPPED talking to him, and Ditko had to deal with production manager Sol Brodsky instead.

What's this got to do with DAREDEVIL?  Simple.  A month later, Wally Wood demanded the SAME THING. And why not?  Apart from using some villains Jack Kirby came up with, Wood had been writing the book entirely on his own since he took it over with issue #5.  But this time, the editor (Stan Lee, of course) refused to simply give in.  Instead, he offered Wood more inking jobs.  This is how Wood wound up inking 3 issues of THE AVENGERS, an episode of Iron Man in TALES OF SUSPENSE, and an episode of The Human Torch And The Ever-Lovin' Thing in STRANGE TALES.  Meanwhile, Lee had been trying to help out veteran artist Bob Powell by finding him as many assignments as he could, but as was all too obvious from his work on Giant-Man and The Human Torch, writing was not one of Powell's strengths.  And so, next thing you know, Powell was teamed with Wood on 3 issues of DAREDEVIL, doing pencils in between Wood's layouts and inking.

The really strange thing about this is, the credits were written 3 very different ways over the course of those 3 issues.  On the first, it suggested Wood was doing layouts and inks, with Powell doing pencils.  On the 2nd, it listed Powell doing layouts, with Wood doing pencils & inks.  On the 3rd, Powell was listed as doing pencils (presumably including the layouts) and Wood, only the inks.  Had they been working in the same studio, this could have been a very real possibility.  But since they didn't, the credits (written by Lee, of course) just don't make any sense!  Presumably, Wood did story, layouts & inks on all 3-- and Powell did the pencils.  This would have given Wood more complete control of the finished product, in the SAME way John Romita would often do stories, layouts AND finishes on AMAZING SPIDER-MAN, with some other penciller squeezed in the middle.  The sad thing about these issues is, while Wood's inks tend to drag just about anyone's pencils UP, in this case, Powell's pencils were tending to drag Wood's art DOWN at the same time.

It really would have been so much better if BOTH Wood AND Powell had been able to do FULL ART, each on separate books.  But of course, for that to happen, Powell would have needed a "real" writer to work with.

I've noticed over the years that Wally Wood had a thing for stories about castles.  That's why I think this one was even more all his own idea than usual.  Of course, the villain wasn't particularly memorable, but you can't have everything!  The design on this cover is something else-- NOBODY else at Marvel was doing stuff like this back then!

DAREDEVIL 9  /  art by WALLY WOOD   (August 1965)


DD #10 contained the following intro:  "Wally Wood has always wanted to try his hand at WRITING a story as well as drawing it, and big-hearted Stan (who wanted a rest anyway) said okay!  So, what follows next is anybody's guess!  You may like it or not, but, you can be sure of this... it's gonna be DIFFERENT!"  Lee still manages to have himself listed FIRST, as he did on every single comic he edited. How very "Hollywood".  At the end, he cuts in again:  "Now that Wally got the writing out of his system, he left it for poor Stan to finish next issue!  Can our leader do it?"

The following issue opened with the following:  "Wally Wood wrote PART ONE of this two-parter, just for a lark!  But, now it's up to sly ol' STAN to put all the pieces together and make it come out okay in the end.  Can he DO it?  See for yourself!"

When one realizes that Wally Wood wrote all 7 of his issues of DAREDEVIL without any input whatsoever from Lee, it's easy to understand how infuriating all this was.  Not only was his editor STEALING credit AND PAY from him for the writing he was doing, he was being condescending and insulting about it, in print, at the same time.

This two-parter features Wood's own villains, Ape-Man, Bird-Man, Cat-Man, Frog-Man (The Ani-Men), and their mysterious boss, The Organizer.

DAREDEVIL 10  /  art by Larry Ivie & Wally Wood   (October 1965)
DAREDEVIL 11  /  art by Bob Powell & Wally Wood   (December 1965)


The last page of DD #11 has Matt Murdock severing his relationship with Foggy Nelson, and walking out of his life, seemingly forever.  I can't help but see this as a reflection of how Wood felt when he accepted an offer from Samm Schwartz to spearhead Tower's new line of comics, including THUNDER AGENTS and DYNAMO.

I really see DAREDEVIL as being a "litmus test" to answer the question, "WHO WRITES THAT STUFF???"  In the 1970's, when what came to be known as "The Marvel Method" (plot, then pencils, then dialogue) was in full swing, EVERY writer working for Marvel had a unique, distinguishable, recognizable style.  This went not just for their dialogue, but for their STORIES as well.  After all, stories-- "plots", as they tend to be called (often in a rather dismissive, derogatory way) are in fact the MOST important part of writing.  Each writer, whether it was Roy Thomas, Steve Englehart, Steve Gerber, Len Wein, Gerry Conway, Marv Wolfman, Chris Claremont, Tony Isabella, Don McGregor, every one of them, their stories remain consistent, no matter WHO the artists were illustrating them.  It didn't matter how good-- or how BAD-- the art was-- you could still always tell who wrote the stories.

But when one looks at DAREDEVIL (or just about any other Marvel from the 60's), this is absolutely NOT the case.  If the person credited on the first 50 consecutive issues of DAREDEVIL were really the one who wrote the stories, the style, the structure, everything would be CONSISTENT.  And-- IT AIN'T!  Yet even some fans who I've seen writing extremely-detailed reviews online of some of these issues, who note the differences, seem completely unaware, totally oblivious to the OBVIOUS truth staring them right in the face.  Bill Everett, Joe Orlando, Wally Wood, John Romita, and Gene Colan-- THESE were the guys writing these stories.  Their editor, HE just wrote the dialogue.  AND took credit for everything else.

It's no wonder Wally Wood wound up with a burning hatred for Lee that remained with him to the end of his days.  (And he didn't even work for him for that long!)

Marvel Masterworks Vol.17 (the 1st DD collection) remains one of my favorites, due to the wonderful work of Bill Everett & Wally Wood.  I wish it could have lasted a lot longer.

As a bonus, here's an alternate version of DD #10.  It seems the Comics Code objected to Debbie Harris' kidnapping. I can't see why.  Oddly enough, the figures of Cat-Man & Debbie appear to have been pasted in, making me wonder which version was actually done first.
One more bonus, here's the cover of  
THE ROCKET'S BLAST COMICOLLECTOR #55.
Fellow Wood fan Steven Thompson said this at his blog...

"There's no "DD" on his chest but there's still no question who this is supposed to be. Was Wood making a statement on this Rocket's Blast ComiCollector cover about how the big guys (Marvel) were overthrowing the little guys (Tower)? Or was he just having fun with a couple of super heroes he was known for drawing?"

THE ROCKET'S BLAST COMICOLLECTOR 55  /
art by WALLY WOOD   (August 1968)

“An editor is someone dedicated to destroying the work of a creator.”
--Wally Wood  (spoken to Bhob Stewart  /  courtesy of his Portzebie blog)

(Continued in Part 3)

Read about the Golden Age Daredevil at Wikipedia
Read the Wally Wood page at Wikipedia
Visit Booksteve's Horray For Wally Wood blog!
  (But beware-- it goes on forever! You may never wanna leave.)
Read the Bob Powell page at Wikipedia
See Bob Powell's Jet covers!
See more Larry Ivie art at the ERBzine site


Artwork Copyright (C) Marvel Comics

Raw scans of DAREDEVIL #6-10 from Heritage Auction
Raw scan of DAREDEVIL #10 Inks from Sean Howe's website
Raw scan of THE ROCKET'S BLAST COMICOLLECTOR #55
     from Steven Thompson's Horray For Wally Wood blog
Raw scan of DAREDEVIL #7 from Boards Collectors Society website

Restorations by Henry Kujawa

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